Tag Archives: risk factors

Insane Medicine – Key factors to prevent cognitive decline and dementia.

Insane Medicine -Preserve your mind to prevent cognitive decline
Insane Medicine -Preserve your mind to prevent cognitive decline.
  • Alzheimer’s disease results from accumulation in the brain of aberrant proteins (amyloid-beta and tau). This results in faulty connections in the brain and brain cell death. With that, memory and skills are lost over time.
  • 30 million people are affected by Alzheimer’s disease in 2010. One-third of these cases are attributable to modifiable risk factors such that there is a chance to prevent cognitive decline in some people. (Lancet Neurology, 2014)

There are controllable risk factors: What are they?:

  1. A lack of exercise.
  2. Smoking
  3. Poor diet
  4. Low level of education
  5. Depression
  6. Poor lifestyle
  7. Obesity
  8. High Blood pressure
  9. Uncontrolled diabetes.
  • Keeping a healthy hear may prevent dementia, in that reduced blood flow to the heart due to no exercise or poor diet also impacts flow to the brain as well. The above factors overlap in that depressed people may smoke more and get less exercise. They gain weight and also eat poorly.
  • Per the JAMA (July 2014) there has been a 24 % drop in first time strokes and a 20% drop in death from strokes. This is due to better control of risk factors causing strokes such as treating elevated blood pressure, stopping smoking, and statin use to control cholesterol levels.
  • It is important to stimulate your brain with mental activities and mental challenges such as cross-word puzzles or card playing. This resulted in greater brain volumes, especially in the hippocampus and better memory and executive functioning.
  • Moderate exercise in the 50-65 year range decreases the risk of cognitive decline significantly. The same was true for even older individuals (70 and above). SO be certain to exercise 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week!